7. What did the astronauts eat and drink whilst travelling on their journey to the Moon and back?
Looking at the Moon through Binoculars
the moon comes into focus,
almost close enough to touch.
In this lunar landscape
there are mountains, craters
highlands and valleys,
the Sea of Tranquility,
the Ocean of Storms.
Three days’ journey
the blackness of space
past comets, stars
and satellites to reach
I’d land on the bright side
of the moon,
my boots sinking into
silvery dust, soft like snow,
I’d jump over moon rocks,
check for signs of life,
then I’d turn to face the earth,
blue and green and beautiful
and I would wave.
are names for the eyes
of the “Man” up there.
made volcanoes blow,
so Moon’s molten lava
began to flow.
These large lunar seas
then cooled, hard and black,
so the full-Moon has patches
for eyes that stare back.
make his grin.
But he’s upside down
when WE look at him!
Inspired by this article:
The Origins Of The Man In The Moon
An image of the moon taken by Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong in July of 1969.
(Image: © NASA)
The “Man in the Moon” illusion, familiar to various cultures around the world, was created by powerful asteroid impacts that rocked the satellite billions of years ago, a new study suggests.
The study, performed by Laramie Potts and Ralph von Frese of Ohio State University, reveals that ancient lunar impacts played a much larger role in shaping the Moon’s surface than scientists had previously thought. It may also help explain the origins of two mysterious bulges on the Moon’s surface.
The new analysis reveal that shock waves from some of the Moon’s early asteroid impacts traveled through the lunar interior, triggering volcanic eruptions on the Moon’s opposite side. Molten magma spewed out from the deep interior and flooded the lunar landscape.
When the magma cooled, it created dark patches on the Moon called “lunar maria” or “lunar seas.”
During a full Moon, some of these patches combine to form what looks like a grinning human face, commonly known as the “Man in the Moon.” The man’s eyes are the Mare Imbrium and Mare Serenitatis, its nose is the Sinus Aestuum and its grinning mouth is the Mare Nubium and Mare Cognitum.
The effects of some of those traveling shock waves are still visible in the Moon’s interior today. Cross-sectional images of the insides reveal that a part of the mantle, the section between the Moon’s core and crust, still juts into its core today, 700 miles below the point of one of the impacts. The images were created from data collected by NASA’s Clementine and Lunar Prospector satellites.
Early surveys by the Apollo missions revealed that the moon isn’t a perfect sphere. There is a bulge on the Earth-facing side, called the near side, and another bulge on the far side.
According to one hypothesis, these bulges are the result of Earth’s gravity tugging on the Moon during the early years following its cataclysmic formation, when its surface was still molten and malleable.
The current study suggests that this scenario is only partly correct. The researchers think the Moon was struck by at least two very powerful asteroid impacts in its past (in addition to countless smaller impacts that left smaller craters easily identifiable still today). One of the major impacts struck the near side, sending shock waves that traveled through the lunar interior to create the bulge on the far side; the other impact struck the far side and created the bulge on the side.
The researchers think the impacts happened about four billion years ago. At that time, roughly half a billion years after the birth of the solar system, the Moon was still geologically active and its core and mantle were still molten and malleable.
Back then, the Moon was much closer to the Earth than it is today and the gravitational interactions between the two were much stronger. The researchers think that when magma spilled out of the Moon’s interior, Earth’s gravity immediately grabbed hold and hasn’t let go since.
“This research shows that even after the collisions happened, the Earth had a profound effect on the Moon,” Potts said.
The findings were detailed in a recent issue of the journal Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors.
Reading poetry offers a multitude of benefits. It offers unique perspectives that can broaden your worldview and some even stretch your mind to its limits as you work to decipher what the author is really trying to communicate. These reasons are why many English classes in school often include poetry in the curriculum.
Children’s poems may be targeted specifically for a younger audience. But many share valuable insight that people of all ages can benefit from. Here we put together a shortlist of classic children’s poems that we think everyone should read.
The Owl and the Pussy-Cat is perhaps Edward Lear’s most famous poem which was published in 1871. The nonsense poem (a type of literature that uses nonsensical words) was written for a three-year-old girl who was the daughter of Lear’s friend. This poem tells a simple love story between an owl and a cat, and their marriage to each other. Although more than 100 years old, the poem remains beloved to this day and was actually voted the most popular childhood poem in Britain in 2014.
Lewis Carroll was the pen name for Charles Lutwidge Dodgson who was an English writer most notably known for Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. The poem Jabberwocky first appeared in its sequel Through the Looking-Glass in which the character Alice finds a poem that can only be read by holding it up to a mirror. She finds that she’s unable to decipher what it means. The poem offers one of the best examples of nonsense poetry and has given us words like “galumphing” and “chortle”.
From a Railway Carriage was written by Robert Louis Stevenson and was published as part of his 1885 volume A Child’s Garden of Verses. The poem offers a great example of versification which uses rhythmic patterns to describe a train journey and the view from the window. The poem is told from the author’s perspective so we see that the scenery is constantly shifting.
Matilda was written by Hilaire Belloc and is a classic child’s poem that tells a cautionary tale of the devastating consequences of telling lies. The main subject, Matilda, has a fondness for telling lies which her aunt has tried unsuccessfully since her youth to change. Her constant telling of lies led to her burning to death along with the house she was in. Despite the dark subject, the poem has a light and humorous tone and teaches a valuable lesson that’s applicable today.
Macavity, the mystery cat was written by author T.S. Eliot and tells a short story about Macavity, a master criminal that leaves behind no evidence of his crimes. Macavity is described as a tall and thin ginger cat with deeply sunken eyes. Macavity is a master criminal who constantly evades authorities and covers his tracks with incredible skill. The main character is loosely based on Professor Moriarty from the Sherlock Holmes stories.
Life Doesn’t Frighten Me by Maya Angelou is a simple, repetitive poem. There is no rhyme scheme in the poem but there are lines that rhyme. As you can likely already determined from the title, the poem shares a powerful story about overcoming fear and the importance of self-belief. The poem is written from a child’s perspective so we get more insight on how she describes and overcomes her fear.
Alex Morrison has been a SEO expert for over 10 years. In this time he has worked with a range of businesses giving him an in depth understanding of many different industries including home improvement, financial support and health care.
The theme of National Science Week is “Destination Moon: More Missions, More Science”
If you have any poems on file on this please send today and I’ll get them scheduled for Science Week.
Please share the posts this week with as many teachers as possible.
Please send in poems this week to
Quote for today
Polly Puss sat on the fence
sailing with his fate
Until the day the farmer opened up the farmyard gate
The sheep went out
the cows came in
which left Puss quite bemused
addressing those then left to listen
before access was closed
Alpca stretched their long necks longer
their ears pricked to his chatter
‘It matters that the sheep were led;
that cows made all that clatter
This fence is the dividing line
thin as this here whisker’
Pussy plucked to prove his point
which drew a nasty blister
‘But anyway, I rule the roost
from here, this narrow line
So just stay put you woolley herd
alpacas will be fine
You know, the gate was opened
so the tractor could pass through
Those beasts weren’t meant to cross the fence
The system’s gone askew
The grass is never greener
on the other side, you see
Those sheep and cows will end up
on the farmer’s plate for tea.’
Cat on a Post
“What is that?” The young Alpaca asked
Looking at a creature on the post,
And the others just stared in amazement,
Not wanting to get very close.
“I don’t know” the mother answered,
Whilst stretching her neck out longer,
All ears were pricked and eyes just stared,
At this creature, whose stare was stronger.
“I’m a cat chasing a mouse” , it said
“When through this fence it scurried,
And I was unable to follow it,
No matter how much I hurried.
The mouse disappeared into the grass,
And up this post I ran,
Looking far across this field,
At least that was my plan.
And then you interrupted me,
By standing in my way,
Asking each other silly questions,
Whilst I lost sight of my prey”.
The Alpacas’ were stunned at this outburst,
And there was nothing left to do,
But turn around and wander off,
Leaving the cat to stew.