“Autumn Rainbows” by Celia Berrell

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As days grow cooler,

deciduous trees

change their colours

then lose their leaves.

 

Before they fall,

green chlorophyll’s

no longer made

in autumn’s chill.

 

So we can see

those leaves unclad,

revealing what

they’ve always had.

 

Rich-red raincoats

misty-glossed,

pumpkin patchwork

veins criss-crossed,

 

flapping honey

leather soles,

and dying, dowdy

paper scrolls.

 

This autumn rainbow’s

red – gold – brown.

Confetti falling

all around.

http://www.livescience.com/16508-fall-leaves-rainbow-gallery.html

“Forty Days in Italian”  by Celia Berrell

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Venice, in the Middle Ages

feared infection from the boats

that visited its harboured stages,

ordering sailors to “stay afloat!”

For forty days they had to anchor.

NOT set foot on Venice land,

to make sure none were sick and rank

or had bubonic plague at hand.

Quaranta giorni (Kwa-rant-a jee-or-nee)

Quaranta giorni (Kwa-rant-a jee-or-nee)

is “Forty Days” in Italian.

That’s where the word for isolation

known as QUARANTINE began.

 

https://www.dictionary.com/e/quarantine-vs-isolation/

What does quarantine mean?

In general, quarantine is “a strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease.” We know what you might be thinking: so, quarantine is … just an isolation? Not exactly.

As the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains, the practice of a quarantine specifically involves:

the separation of a person or group of people reasonably believed to have been exposed to a communicable disease but not yet symptomatic, from others who have not been so exposed, to prevent the possible spread of the communicable disease.

The takeaway: People are put in quarantine when they are not currently sick, but have been or may have been exposed to a communicable disease. This can help stop the spread of the disease.

Voluntary quarantine (when someone isn’t ordered to go into quarantine but chooses to do so just out of caution) is often called self-quarantine.

Entering English in the early 1600s, this “isolation” sense of quarantine comes from the Italian quarantina, a period of forty days, derived from quaranta, the Italian for “forty.” (The Italian quaranta, if you’re curious, comes from the Latin quadrāgintā, also meaning “forty.”)

What’s so special about 40? Historically, quarantine referred to a period—originally of 40 days—imposed upon ships when suspected of carrying an infectious or contagious disease. This practice was done in Venice in the 1300s in an effort to stave off the plague.

 

“A Friendship Clock” by Celia Berrell

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“Got to stop. Got to stop

and blow the dandelion clock.”

That’s what my best friend used to say.

And then we’d blow that clock away.

 

She’s moved-on to another town.

I’m left alone and feeling down.

I still think of the fun we had.

Our friendship made me very glad.

 

The dandelion’s flower-head

all golden-yellow, sunshine-fed

is made of many small florets

arranged all neatly in a set.

 

When fertilised by bugs and bees

each little flower forms a seed.

They all hold hands with hairy arms.

As though they make a friendship charm.

 

And so I play this little game.

Remembering my best friend’s name.

“Got to stop. Got to stop

and blow the dandelion clock.”

“How to have hygienic hands“  by Celia Berrell

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How to have hygienic hands

 

Some harmful bugs

we’ve touched will hide

in crinkly creases,

moist or wide;

in crevices

and groovy spots

of which our hands

have quite a lot.

 

Make sure the soap

will never fail

to rummage under

fingernails.

And rub each

padded fingerprint

upon a palm

or handy dint.

 

Then soap and rub

each finger base –

those webby bits,

with fingers laced.

When rinsed and dried

our hands are ACE …

unless we touch

our nose and face!

 

https://www.newscientist.com/letter/mg24532690-100-handwashing-technique-more-important-than-time/

“The Trendy Regaliceratops”  by Celia Berrell with Teacher Notes

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The Trendy Regaliceratops  by Celia Berrell

This leafy-loving herbivore

weighed a hefty ton or more.

Six metres long and bulky strong,

this dinosaur, we got so wrong!

 

His bony frill’s not meant as armour.

More, a snazzy lady-charmer!

Pretty as a peacock’s tail

in battle, it would surely fail.

 

Those horns above his nose and eyes

are such a trendy cute surprise.

Too flimsy for a fight to start

his fancy horns are body art!

 

A cousin of Triceratops

with colourful Canadian chops,

perhaps he was polite and coy

although he looked more like HELLBOY!

http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/43191/title/Spiky-Headed-Dino-Discovered/

Spiky-Headed Dino Discovered

Dubbed “Hellboy,” the triceratops relative sports a bevy of horns on its crested cranium.

By Bob Grant | June 8, 2015

An artist’s impression of Regaliceratops peterhewsiIMAGE: JULIUS T. CSOTONYI/ROYAL TYRRELL MUSEUMResearchers have unearthed an impressive dinosaur skull from a Canadian river bed. Officially calledRegaliceratops peterhewsi, the new species had numerous protuberances jutting from its head, including a couple that reminded its discoverers of a certain comic book character. “There are these really stubby horns over the eyes that match up with the comic book character Hellboy,” study leader Caleb Brown, a paleontologist at the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology in Alberta, Canada, told National Geographic. Brown and his colleague Donald Henderson published a report of the find last week (June 4) in Current Biology.

According to Brown and Henderson, R. peterhewsi—which was named after Peter Hews, the oil-and-gas geologist and amateur fossil hunter who discovered the specimen near the Oldman River in Alberta in 2005—roamed prehistoric North America about 70 million years ago. “This discovery shows that we are perhaps still quite a ways from knowing the complete diversity of dinosaur species in the Late Cretaceous of western North America,” James Farlow, a geologist at Indiana University–Purdue University Fort Wayne, told Smithsonian. “The evolutionary tree presented by the authors suggests that an immediate ancestor ofRegaliceratops that would have lived a few million years ago has yet to be found. So there are plenty of interesting dinosaurs still to be discovered.”

  1. peterhewsi’s bony arsenal, studding its 592-pound skull, was likely used for mating rituals rather than aggression or defense, according to Brown. “When the first horned dinosaurs were found . . . we thought these were probably used for defense,” Brown told theCalgary Herald. “You have these iconic images ofTriceratopsdoing battle with Tyrannosaurus rex. [But] the more horned dinosaurs that we find, the less the explanation of defense makes sense. There are a number of species where their horns would be pretty much useless in defense.”

The newly analyzed fossils also suggest that there are more horned dinosaurs to be discovered. “This find tells us more about the kinds of horned dinosaurs that lived just before Triceratops was on the scene,” Andrew Farke, a curator at the Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology, told Smithsonian. “I am now really curious to see what other oddities might have been around at the same time—this new beast is an important data point.”

“Baby Eucalypts” with Teacher Notes  by Celia Berrell

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Baby Eucalypts

 

When fire has passed,

eucalypts are reborn.

Tough woody capsules

release their seeds,

falling on ash

which is nutrient-rich.

Plunging their roots

into first-rained earth,

their view of the Sun

helps speed that growth,

for the canopy’s shade

is burnt and gone.

 

Animals fled.

So new leaves, uneaten,

make a dash

towards the sky.

No insects in sight

means delicate shoots

don’t get sucked dry

of their life-giving juice.

Alone in the quiet

on black-rich soil,

those baby trees have

the best start in life.

 

http://www.forest-education.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/eucalypt_adaptations.pdf

Fire has been a constant visitor to Tasmanian forests for millions of years. It has shaped the evolution of many plant species and communities. In fact, many species are not only adapted to fire, but actually have features that help to promote it. Fire is an essential part of the life cycle of many plant communities, including dry eucalypt forests and wet eucalypt forests. Fire behaves differently, however, in each of these systems. A key difference between eucalypts and rainforest trees is that eucalypts are adapted to, and take advantage of major, widespread disturbances of the forest canopy, especially those caused by fire. Individual trees of different species can withstand the effects of fire to varying degrees, but all eucalypt forest types depend on it to some extent for regeneration. Eucalypt seed release is triggered by fire, when tough, woody capsules empty their contents onto a nutrient-rich ash seedbed from which all the understorey competition for light, water and nutrients has been removed. Browsing animals are driven out for a time, and the heat-treatment of soil reduces the numbers of plant-eating insects and soil organisms during the short but crucial early growth period.

“Nari’s Hero Echo”  by Celia Berrell

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Nari’s Hero Echo

(A true dolphin story from 2009)

 

Nari’s grown up

meeting lots of

humans every day.

They feed him fish

and watch as all

the dolphins swim and play.

 

Along with best-friend

Echo he will

entertain the guests.

By herding fish

round paddling feet

that tickle them in jest.

 

He’ll let the humans

stroke him as

for people, that’s a “must”.

It’s how we say

“I love you” and

that care’s gained Nari’s trust.

 

But recently

poor Nari got

a shark-bite on his head.

An injury

so serious

it could have left him dead.

 

For three whole days

the people feared

that Nari must have died.

He didn’t come

to visit them

and many people cried.

 

Then Echo brought

his injured friend

to Tangalooma beach.

And coaxed poor Nari

‘til he swam

within the people’s reach.

 

They gently lifted

Nari from his

darkened sea of gloom.

And flew him out

to Sea World where

their vets could treat his wounds.

 

Nari’s back at

Tangalooma

showing off his scars.

The people are

ecstatic.  He’s

Australia’s dolphin star!

 

Have a read of the link to an article below

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2009-02-17/nari-the-dolphin-recovers-after-surgery/299910